Trimming and/or pruning your plants are the skills you need to know in gardening even when you are still an amateur. However, these garden tasks sound intimidating to amateur gardeners. Feeling scared is normal especially because pruning, when done incorrectly, will result in damage and disbeauty to your garden. 

If you want professionals to do the work for you, you can avail of Tree Services in Pembroke Pines, Fl.  

Knowing when what and how to prune is important in keeping your plants healthy to produce more flowers and foliage. So Below are the tips for pruning that an amateur need to know. 

Familiar yourself with pruning 

Do you know what to do when pruning? Pruning is basically just controlling the plants’ growth and development into patterns that you like.  

There are things that make is complicated: You need to consider the appropriate arrangements to find out the specific pattern that suits each kind of plant, and the weather when to prune them. 

Pruning tips for each plant 

A good and advisable first step to pruning, whichever plant you have, is to remove the diseased and damaged parts. Diseased and/or dead steams affect the healthy parts of the plant and can attract insects, inducing more damage.  

After the dead stems shall be the crossing stems, crossing branches, water sprouts, and suckers.  

There are specific pruning techniques that do not work in a specific plant variety. The following are the pruning techniques – the what’s and when’s in pruning 


Perennials and annuals extend a second flush. It is best to cut it down after winter to promote good growth for the next year. Avoid clipping the dried flowers or seeds if they are important for propagation. Be careful with the cut areas because, in the fall, woody plants do not produce callus which protects the plants for bacteria and insects infestation.  


Prune these plants in midsummer otherwise, you will end up removing the stems with buds.  


You do not want to snip grasses often. To avoid this cut them close to their roots. And to avoid getting messier with the removed parts and for an easy snip, tie the tops of the grasses before snipping them out. 

Shrubs and Trees 

Forsythia, rhododendron and lilac bear flowers on wood. Prune them after they are done blooming in late spring. 

Butterfly bush, crape myrtle, or potentilla need to be pruned in winter or late winter (or spring) while they are dormant.  

Removing the oldest shoots would allow stems to grow and bloom, yielding to more flowers. 

When you are an amateur, it will be easier to use a pruner with a rotating head. It saves time and effort. 

Trees with saps 

Maples, dogwoods, birches, elms, and walnuts produce saps when you cut them during late winter and early spring. Prune them in warmer seasons like summer and fall to avoid being messy with their saps. 

Remember each plant variety needs to have proper weather and steps in pruning. This sounds complicated and intimidating but once you have familiarized yourself with the basics, you will realize it is easier than it sounds.